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A Guide to Minimum Wages in China in 2022

CHINA  

Minimum wages continue to rise.

Starting in 2022, Shenzhen and Henan raised their minimum wage standards from January 1, while Chongqing and Fujian will raise their minimum wage standards from April 1. Meanwhile, Hebei province has announced that it plans to adjust its minimum wage standards in 2022 after completing an ongoing process of evaluation and calculation.

Since 2021, more than 20 provinces in China have raised their minimum wage standard, including Anhui, Beijing, Guangdong, Hainan, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai, Shanxi, Tianjin, Tibet, Xinjiang, and Zhejiang.

Currently, Shanghai has the highest monthly minimum wage among 31 provinces (RMB 2,590 per month) and Beijing has the highest hourly minimum wage (RMB 25.3). Eight regions – Shanghai, Guangdong, Beijing, Tianjin, Jiangsu, Shandong, Hubei, and Zhejiang – have surpassed the RMB 2,000 mark in their monthly minimum wage standards.

At the lower end of the wage spectrum, Hunan has the lowest monthly minimum wage level in China at RMB 1,220 and Yunnan‘s minimum wage level (RMB 1,350 per month) is slightly higher than that in Anhui (RMB 1,340 per month)

What is the minimum wage in China?

According to China’s Provisions on Minimum Wage, the legal minimum wage refers to the minimum labor remunerations that shall be paid by the employers to the employees under the precondition that the employee has provided normal labor within the promissory working hours or within the working hours that is prescribed in the labor contracts.

Minimum wage in China guide

A complete guide to China’s minimum wages can be found below.

*Certain provinces set minimum wage standards at the county or district level. The cities listed in the table are examples and are not exhaustive.


Note: Highlighted areas denote jurisdictions that updated their minimum wage in 2021. The monthly minimum wage is for full-time employment while the hourly minimum wage is for part-time employment.

**Hunan, Zhejiang provinces allow each city to decide which minimum wage level to apply. The cities given as examples are therefore subject to change.

Impact on China’s labor costs

Minimum wages only tell part of the story of labor costs in China.

As China’s economy moves up the value chain and makes the transition to innovation and services, most workers employed by foreign-invested enterprises earn above the minimum wage.

For example, workers in Shanghai made an average of RMB 10,338 per month through 2020 – nearly four times the local minimum wage.

Moreover, employer social insurance and housing fund obligations add around an additional 37 percent to employers’ labor cost on top of the employees’ gross salary.

For foreign investors, rising wages are an unavoidable feature of doing business in China. Yet, when other factors like productivity, infrastructure, transportation costs, and access to a massive domestic market are considered – China may still emerge as the more cost-efficient option compared to countries with lower statutory labor costs.

When comparing locations for foreign investment into China, minimum wages are a helpful barometer to gauge labor costs across different regions.

From there, identifying industry-specific wage levels, availability of talent, and access to regional incentives offer a more nuanced view of ultimate labor costs within a given region.

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